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Energy

China is the champion of the U.S Renewables Boom

Ever since the period of President Jimmy Carter and the oil crisis in the 1970s, the U.S has tirelessly worked hard to become energy independent. However, with constant oil crises and surge in prices, the U.S will never obtain the freedom of energy independence if it continues depending mainly on fossil fuels to generate energy. A large part of the American population feels that the government should focus on developing fossil fuel sources. However, as the shift to clean and renewable energy gains momentum, the U.S now experiences a severe problem of depending much on China for materials needed to clean renewable energy systems. 

Research indicates that China provides 80% of Rare Earth Elements (REE) require making renewable structures such as windmills, cell phones, electric motor batteries, national intelligence items, medical items, among others. 

Reliance on China

In the past two years, the Interior Development produced a list of thirty-five classified minerals it termed as ‘ fundamental’ to the U.S economy. The U.S economy depends mainly on shipments from China for 14 of these classified minerals. Those figures were accurate, nothing fabricated. 

In 2018, the U.S excavated 18,000 metric tons of its rare piles of earth and 26,000 metric tons last year. The Geological Survey affirmed that the household’s generation of minerals relies on shipments. Thirty years ago, the U.S was the leading producer of such earth minerals, but the rain started to beat the U. S and slipped down to position seven. 

The vice-like grip supply chain of China on the U.S in supplying of Rare Earth Metals will be transparent only if Joe Biden, American Presidential candidate steps into the office and implements his strategy of $5 trillion on renewable energy. 

Joe Biden proposed a strategy of $5 trillion climate budget of ensuring Americans achieved 2050 net carbon emission. Joe Biden made a proposal of a staggering $1.7 trillion in government expenditure in attaining the goal by 2030. Bidens asserted that taxed paid by payers will be compensated by repealing the provided tax Bonanza given by President Donald Trump to the U. S organizations. He also plans on reducing costs on fossil fuels. 

Becoming self- sufficient.

Since China is the leading supplier of REE globally, the U.S will get no opportunity to ramp up its shipment of those minerals from the Middle Kingdom. Such race is not easy to finish because many nations are on the same lane of shifting from fossils fuel.  

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Energy

Electric Vehicles (EV) will force smart homeowners to infuse the smart grid system for efficiency

There is a rising trend of EV production overtaking that of ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) cars. This trend implies that more batteries and battery technology will fall into place once all the continents transition to EV usage. The challenge now is the charging stations since the grid crowds at the evening hours due to many EV owners returning from work. The solution to overcrowding problems lies in the power grids EV customers providing information through their grid-interactive smart home feedback.

There is an anticipated high uptake of EVs once the batteries drop to a price of $100 per kWh. But the population contradicts this trend with the hope that things can return to normal where they can acquire ICE cars at a Dr low price. We are forgetting that conventional vehicles costly in terms of fluctuating fuel prices, overheating engines, high maintenance costs, and carbon emissions. Although it is seemingly hard to adapt to the pandemic, EVs will prove their efficiency once they go into the system.

Various countries are witnessing a drop in lithium batteries’ price, a move intended to encourage the uptake of electric vehicles. CATL is one of the firms that has lowered its EV battery prices immediately on learning of the possibility of creating cobalt-free batteries. Currently, the firm is working on technology to ensure these batteries can cover a range of 1.2 million miles though at a high price.

Automakers manufacturing electric vehicles in large quantities have been venturing the technicalities of raising the batteries’ performance to reduce manufacturing costs. This move aims to motivate customers to buy EVs without fear of replacing batteries at a high price. For instance, Tesla stated that it would be unveiling a battery that can run for one million miles before the next charge cycle. Such trends in the EV industry will soon phase out the ICE cars.

EV faces the challenge of energy storage. This challenge is because the batteries in the cars require recharging. Therefore, a charging system is under development, whereby there is no overcrowding of the power grids at any given time. This idea will help power grid utilities meet the needs of EV owners reliably and efficiently. Various storage technologies have graced the industry, including the green hydrogen system, where energy was stored chemically. The challenge with this technology is that its efficiency was way below using dischargeable batteries.

Researchers are currently diving into the commercial-scale storage of energy to develop a cheap storage mechanism for the grid system. Nonetheless, lithium batteries will continue to serve the industry for the time being.

In conclusion, the upcoming advanced lithium batteries will temporarily support the EV industry, while engineers and researchers work on a long-term solution. Lithium battery manufacturers will enjoy the proceeds from the sale of the batteries before the interactive grid home takes charge.

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Energy

Possibility of Sunrun to Lead in Renewable Energy Sector

The acquisition of Vivint solar firm by Sunrun revealed the hidden value of the former company as a possible game-changer in the solar market. The current value of Sunrun bases on the cost of each installation made to the clients. Sunrun’s acquisition of Vivint would thus exhibit an advantage in risk arbitrage investment in the firm.

Sunrun’s negotiating strength with suppliers has declined, distribution costs are soaring, and emerging technologies will require more capacity than the company has. These adjustments have thus pushed the company towards setting up a solid foundation in running its solar operations. The stocks in the renewable energy sector will hence balloon in the future as the industry advances.

In the past several years, the peculiar trend is that domestic solar installations soared rather than decline. Installation costs should reduce in the future due to advancements in technology that would make it efficient to erect solar structures for residential clients.

The theoretical reason behind the possibility of Sunrun to dominate rests on the positive trajectory of reduced sales and marketing costs as opposed to other firms. The firm’s mitigated costs in sales would be a result of the firm’s upscale operations by pumping in extra resources through Vivint’s acquisition. Additionally, the firm will downshift its hardware costs by increasing its market network. Thus, the company will obtain an advantage over the major suppliers like SolarEdge that possesses a larger market capacity than Sunrun. 

Another subsequent benefit for Sunrun would be its collaboration with other firms on the virtual power grid investment. The firm will be capable of investing in electrical grids focused on solar energy to aid in energy storage. Its flexibility in adapting to the power industry changes will help the company provide efficient services to the residential structures.

In a decade, the company will thus be dominant in providing sustainable solar services.

Sunrun’s attempt to upscale its operations will shield it against constant funding from external investors. Hence, the firm will generate accurate values of its shares, which in the last few years have been volatile. Thus, the company will be favored since its share index will be reasonably consistent in all the quarters of the year. 

In conclusion, Sunrum’s pursuit to upscale its operations will benefit its long-term services. Hence, the company will survive the economic downturns and maneuver into becoming a solar energy provider for residential structures. 

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Energy

Eliminating the stereotype of Autonomous cars technology

Innovative and techno-commercial advancement has been taking place in technologies such as the electric drive train and the battery, which are confident to disbar many of the age-old misconceptions around Electric Vehicle adoption. The EV sector has faced time interaction in about a decade, especially with the technology driving these sustainable energy machines. In the initial days, EVs developed from inefficient charging and low-power vehicles to easy, high-performance mobility services in the modern.

High-performance powertrains developed by electric cars and high-speed, electric two-wheelers, Compared with IC-Engine powertrains, these vehicle systems can offer better acceleration and allow for comfortable speeds for intra-city driving. An excellent way to break the advancements of today’s lithium-ion batteries brings a better current transition in a shorter time that makes generation easier.

In reality, the Tesla Model S left most gas-guzzlers starting to catch up, with a few software adjustments. Able to do 0-100 kmph in 2.4 secs is one of the fastest moving cars in the world-including ICEs. Speed: Indian current market has electric vehicles with top rates range of 40-170 kmph (Figure 1) from companies such as Hyundai, Tata, Mahindra, and MG.

The invention of lithium-ion battery technology has impacted the EV market a great deal. Such batteries get much longer life than lead-acid batteries and increased energy efficiency. The power output was increased to 250-300 Wh / kg of the battery from around 100 Wh / kg a decade ago with substantial research and innovation on li-ion batteries in recent times.

The lithium-ion battery life is about 4-5 years for use in EVs. With new technology advances, some Indian players like Revolt, Tata Motors, among others, also offer up to 8 years/1.6 lakh km of battery warranty. Besides, once the first-life battery technology depletes in EVs, it can still be used in second-life applications such as UPS, inverter, and electrical energy storage applications. New-age techniques, including battery-swapping in individual segments, totally eradicate battery-life issues for the consumer.

Lithium is an extremely flammable metal which provides high power, within such a minor factor of shape. It thus carries a risk of fire and explosion. Furthermore, lithium-ion batteries can experience changes in ambient temperature during use throughout various EV applications, which can impact their efficiency.

In conclusion, Many EV players overcome this challenge with their powerful and intelligent Battery Management Systems (BMS) that can execute cooling, ventilation tasks, heating, and insulation. The Indian Automotive Research Association (ARAI) conducts rigorous tests on these lithium batteries, including vibration, overload, penetration of the nails and short circuits, and vibration. 

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Energy

Mexico insists on taking it slow on Clean Energy

When renewable energy causes a feud spring from a Democrat, who is the President and the entire labour organization, the administrator makes the side of greener discussion of that particular conflict. That is a different case in Mexico where their leader, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has implemented some strategies that will not allow other established policies like wind and solar energy from the talking place. 

What exactly took place

Candace, a grid controller, terminated on May 2 the procession of all the projects required before putting all the clean-energy manufacturers commenced their operations. Mexico’s Energy Industry tracked fast a set of regulations that would help in its proficiency to lessen the rate of production.  Those sets of rules will ask help to put in more new projects and also provide Cenace with the audacity to withhold proposals for plant analysis. 

The main impact

The new regulations imposed by the Cenacle will hit hard all the renewable schemes across the nation theoretically. However, Greenpeace could not take those new regulations anymore, forcing itself to file a case against those rules. The Supreme Court later In discontinued from implementation following a petition made by Coface, an antitrust firm of the state. If the application of the regulations could proceed, for sure, all the intended operations on the recently set factories would have been affected. 

The presently functioning factories are still on the danger of getting hit by production restrictions. 

The new principles subject to Mexico to withdrawal even after attempting to enhance private activities in the market. Even after the inauguration of a renewable power auction program, Mexican President later halted it.

Reasons for government’s actions

The reason behind Mexico’s actions is that it was offering security to the sincerity of the electric system due to some downfalls on those grids. However, any firm linked to the destruction has not yet been identified. 

According to an inspection carried out by Plataforma Mexico Clim Y Energia, it reveals that there was no actual downfall linked to renewable generators in the Southern Mexic soon after lockdown took effect in April. They perceived shortcomings of renewable energy as ways Mexican President, Lopez Obrador wants to use in the weakening of the private enterprise sector to offer security to renowned Public Utilities like Commission Federal De Electricidad (CFE). 

Energy Transition Law and General Climate Change Law had set  30% target of renewable energy by 2021 and 25% by 2035. President Lopez just slid Mexico off the global trail, resulting in worsened expectations.  

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Energy

General motors sustainability report and a new line of electric vehicles

The 2019 sustainability report has hinted on the next fleet of electric SUVs under the General Motors brand. Some few hints have given some expected details of the awaited new vehicles. The report also gave an insight into the hiring technique’s future plans and the intended work still in progress.

The report hinted that the SUVs would be a full-size luxury SUV with three rows reflecting on iconic escalade. It would match the current XT6 SUV.

GM’S AWAITED ELECTRIC SUVs IN DETAIL

  1. CADILLAC

The production of this vehicle will start In 2022.it will be a luxury three-row SUV meeting global standards with emphasis on interior space and cargo capability resembling current Cadillac XT4. Production will be at 1.2 vehicles per day.

  1. GMC

The vehicle will be a truck modelled as Hummer EV pickup. It will offer 1000 horsepower, 0 to 60 mph acceleration, and 11,500 pound-feet of torque—an off-road capable SUV.

  1. CHEVROLET

This model will favor US residents considering they enjoy electric options in Chevrolets. The battery will have the ability to pick up electrically. It will offer 400 miles and range singly charged by the Chevrolet Bolt, which features a usual SUV design. It has the best cruise assistance.

  1. BUICK

The newest faces of the Buick brand will be embraced by two new-all electric vehicles- BUICK SUVs. It will maximize interior space and cargo. It will emphasize on its form and athletic nature. It will be a partnership production with Honda for the first time.

With much said on the electric SUVs, general motors had a few manufacturing targets to meet and assurance of more work.

GMs manufacturing targets

  • A plant named ‘Factory zero,’ which will oversee the assembling of all-electric vehicles, is to be set up. Gm is to invest $ 2.2 billion from its Detroit-Hamtramck plant to the new plant. Intentions are to produce cars with zero emissions offering 2,200 job vacancies. Gm intentions to ensure environmental sustainability was shown by the firm plans even to produce future vehicles running by renewable energy. It aims at providing zero waste in the US by 2030 and 2040 globally.
  • GM’s assurance of more  work

Gms workplace considers the human resource department. By 2019 31% of the US workforce had all races represented with women holding positions of up to 32.2 % in top management positions. It is inspired to being the most inclusive company globally. It also insisted on working to make it even better.

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Energy

The role of hydrogen in clean air transmission

One of the elements that are likely to play an essential role in the clean energy transition is hydrogen. The aspect will be important transport building and power generation sectors because of the most current technology. The need to use hydrogen technology has increased in various niches of transport segments, despite multiple applications. Hydrogen has short-term and medium-term technology that will replace compressed gas in different areas with some little changes in the existing infrastructure, according to the GlobalData. 

Many countries in the world are initiating the development and use of hydrogen technology to handle different use of hydrogen technology to deal with environmental concerns and lead to energy security. Hydrogen gas can handle large-scale and long-term clean energy storage equipment to produce power from renewable sources. On the other hand, developing a well-regulated and cost-effective transition is a complicated issue, including hydrogen production cost from renewable sources of energy.  

According to GlobalData senior Analyst Sneha Susan Elias, Hydrogen can help in different outputs of power from renewable sources, including wind and solar PV. The capacity of the above causes is not consummate with the needs of power.

The amount of hydrogen used for electricity is less than 0.2 percent of the total electricity generated in the power industry. Hydrogen electricity consumers are steel petrochemical industries and many refineries, although shortly it might change. Co-firing with ammonia share might decrease carbon’s effect in the existing conventional power plants for coal, combined cycle gas turbines (CCGT), and the hydrogen gas turbines, which are power sources with systems that are flexible with many amounts of variable energy renewable sources. 

The drop in the amount of solar PV, and the power from wind generation, the development of electrolyzes at different places have a significant impact on renewable sources. It can serve as the best alternative for a low-cost supply of hydrogen even when the transmission and distribution into account. The cost of the transfer of hydrogen and distribution is low, making it easy to use hydrogen from renewable sources cheap to the end-user.  The decrease in the price of the production of hydrogen will lead to the reasonable cost of electricity; thus, most users will prefer to use hydrogen electricity in different sectors, thus reducing the carbon emission in the atmosphere. The carbon emission in the atmosphere has lead to the change of climate and an increase in diseases.

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Energy

“Grave error” for FCC Ligado Order

A committee responsible for advising the US government on space-based navigation services came up with a conclusion that the approval of the Ligado’s 5G network by the Federal Communication Commission is a risky decision that endangers the Global Positioning System services. 

A meeting held online on July 1, members of the National space-based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Advisory Board extensively debated the report composed for the committee. The report was about the April FCC conclusion to let Ligado run a 5G tellurian network on a spectrum band adjacent to the one used by GPS. 

“It has suddenly altered the entire disposition of the radio spectrum close the GPS main frequency,” Brad Parkinson, the chief Architect of the GPS and vice-chair of the committee. “It is a grave error made by FCC for allowing a robust tellurian communication network on a range band adjoining to the GPS.” He added.

He also pointed out that the original spectrum’s intention was to be used by the mobile satellite systems with weaker signals than those Ligado is planning to utilize in the band. “The re-planning of this spectrum is a risky affair, and brings no near-term advantages to the United States,” he said. 

Parkinson said that the lack of any advantage is due to the lack of 5G hardware or standards plotted to operate at the L-band frequencies Ligado goals to use. He argued that the possible interference would outweigh any benefit that would accrue to the GPS signals from the Ligado’s excessive power signals, which he extensively talked about in his presentation. 

“There is no positive outcome on the United States’ competitive posture by the FCC order. This is because the order may harm the GPS reputation due to the damage it does,” he concluded. 

Apart from the committee, the FCC decision on Ligado has also faced criticism from various government agencies, the Defense Department, and some members of Congress, mainly due to the interference worries. However, the FCC commissioners who adopted Ligado order have continuously argued that the company agreed to reduce power levels, which will prevent interference. 

The committee members who supported the Parkinson report said that the FCC approval of the Ligado could cause the same interference for various space-based navigations systems and could set a bad precedent for other countries to develop similar systems. 

However, the committee did not offer any recommendations on how to reverse it and stated that they intend to issue a public statement on how they feel concerning the Ligado approval. 

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Energy

Some of the vital details concerning electric vehicles

Currently, electric vehicles range from trucks, rickshaws, motorcycles, cars, transit buses, and even tractors, which are hybrids. These vehicles are classified into three, namely plug-in hybrids, fuel cell vehicles, and battery electric vehicles. The plug-in hybrids take in both gasoline and can also be run by a rechargeable battery. On the other hand, fuel cell vehicles run on hydrogen energy technology, and battery electric vehicles operate on electricity coming from a battery pack. 

Electric vehicles will solve the problem of greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. Gasoline or petrol cars are the main sources of air pollution in countries like America. The gases from these cars cause health complications like cancer, bronchitis, and even death. For instance, a gallon of diesel comes with up to $3.80 of human health and ecological costs courtesy of a study at Duke University. 

The carbon footprints left by diesel or petrol cars are bigger than those of electric vehicles independent of the source of EV power. The electricity for electric vehicles comes from a range of sources but most especially from power grids. The carbon print left by an EV varies depending on the source of electricity. Electricity generated for Evs is the cleanest and cost-effective even when it is emanating from the dirtiest source. 

Electric vehicles are vital in controlling climatic conditions. The only challenge these cars pose is they increase global warming when their batteries are being manufactured. However, the vehicles’ operation covers this problem in less than eighteen months of driving, thereby outshining petrol cars in minimizing pollution. 

Electric cars are advantageous because they can charge at work, at home, or at the store provided there is a power grid and a charging station nearby. This concept enhances trucks and buses’ efficiency, which have central depots and stopping points at which they can charge. Currently, charging stations are being installed at crucial points like malls, parking lots, and workplaces. 

Various states and utilities intend to erect structures to facilitate the charging of electric vehicles. The utilities hope that there will be charging stations at strategic locations to enhance the general public’s swift exploration of electric cars. The US federal government says that it is up to each state to establish its grid and spread the charging stations’ installation. 

Various states are thinking of replacing the transit buses with electric buses. This move will facilitate a cheap and convenient mode of public transport that caters to everyone and mind the safety of the environment. 

In conclusion, delivery trucks should also be electrified. This concept will curb pollution in cities and towns since these are the places with a vast number of businesses requiring deliveries. 

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Energy

Tesla and Scientists help in the success of affordable ‘million miles’ electric vehicle battery

 Letter ‘R’ might become the main difference that boils the future of the auto industry. In other words, the difference between Lithium-Iron phosphate batteries that will be available on the market soon and Lithium-Ion batteries, which are present in the current vehicles. 

Tesla, an Elon Musk firm, has begun to embrace the development of electric vehicle technology, which will lead the firm to the first-ever Battery Day for Stakeholders. Buzz street is producing the significant differences that the future batteries will have. 

Cars that use Lithium-ion batteries, the same used in cellphones, will give their way forward about the vehicles and trucks that use Lithium-iron phosphate batteries. Such cells will make the cars more affordable, increase the distance to 400 miles, which will enable the battery to last for long. 

Minimizing the own prices of Tesla and instigating large numbers of customers to embrace electric vehicles remain an essential priority for Tesla. 

The recent technology used in cars will change the experience of owning a vehicle, irrespective of the firm that manufactured it, whether Tesla of its competitor, General Motors. 

Discussing batteries that go for more extended periods, for the same cost completely changes the calculations made by the user. Iron Phosphate batteries are way much better, safer, and have second to third lives as electricity storage. 

In a statement released by Shirley Meng, a materials expert and a professor at the University of San Diego, California, abilities done to reduce the use of Cobalt have progressed over time, and Tesla has made notable moves with the help of Dahn.  Meng also stated that the fitting batteries with Cobalt make it easy to engineer complex chemical constituents, making it advantageous. 

However, from various researches conducted, Lithium Iron-Phosphate does not prove to be good enough for electric vehicle consumer use. Initially, its design was meant for the grid storage market due to its energy density profile. Although, the science behind the battery fits it to fast-charging and cost-efficient since it does not depend on Cobalt. 

Meng has worked on the chemistry of batteries and development with renowned firms like GM, Mercedes-Benz, Maxwell Technologies, and Nissan. Researchers are curious to know the progress of Tesla, and they hope that the firm has made Lithium-iron phosphate profile known to the market of electric vehicles. 

For once, the battery technology tried to jump successfully from energy storage to cars in Fisker Karma.