As part of setting new energy regulations, the Ministry of Mining and Energy wants to draft a law on renewable energy sources. Some of the clauses that will be changed include a draft law on amendments and changes to Law of Energy, a draft law on amendments and changes to the Law on geological research and mining, and a draft law on energy’s rational use and energy efficiency. The public consultation will take place up to 9th February.
One way to choose projects that will be subsidized; the draft suggests the introduction of auctions. The draft also envisages keeping long-term contracts to small hydropower plants. The state power utility Elektroprivreda Srbije (EPS) still has the role of balancing responsibility.
In the draft law, the Ministry of Mining and Energy advocates the following to be given incentives: wind power plants, biogas power plants, biomass power plants, hydropower plants, geothermal power plants, solar power plants, among others.
The draft law proposes that feed-in tariffs be awarded to small facilities, which are under 500kW. The ministry’s feed-in tariffs will be given in auctions and depend on available quotas set on by the government.
Power plants that get market premiums will be free from balancing responsibility until the establishment of an organized within the day market. Also, power plants that receive feed-in tariffs will be free from balancing costs and balancing responsibility since the universal supplier will assume them.
Power generation for self-consumption
The draft law suggests prosumers be introduced or legal entities and private investors generate green energy for their use and selling. The end-user can connect a renewable energy power plant to the house’s internal electric wiring for its usage as long as its installed capacity does not surpass the approved capacity. This allows the end-user to gain prosumer’s status.
Therefore, prosumers can generate power for self-consumption, store that power, and sell the surplus power to the grid.
Renewable energy communities
In the draft law, renewable energy communities are cooperatives or energy communities. They are legal entities with the mandate to regulate the associations’ legal status. A community can generate, use, store, and sell renewable power.
Innovative technologies: green hydrogen
The draft law suggests that incentives would be given to the development of technologies that use new renewable sources like green hydrogen and other fuels. Green hydrogen is applied in transportation, heat energy, and natural gas.
Heating plants that generate, distribute, and supply heat power to consumers can receive incentives if they use solar energy, biomass, heat pumps, geothermal energy, and other renewable energy sources.